Telling About Future Plants

Expressions dealing with future plans

Below are some expressions for askine and talking about someone’ s plan

Asking someone’s plan

  • What will you do tomorrow?
  • What is your plan for the next holiday?
  • What are you going to do today?
  • What about tonight/tomorrow/next week?
  • What are you doing tomorrow?

Talking about someone’s plan

  • I will go shopping.
  • I’m going to go to Surabaya.
  • I’m planning to visit my brother in the hospital.
  • I will be playing football with my friends.

Grammar in Focus

a. Simple Future Tense

Pattern 1:

Subject+ Shal/will + Verbi + (object) + adverb of future time

Examples:

  • Hayra will bake a cake tonight.
  • Mr. Fajar will take part in the meeting next week.

Pattern 2:

Subject+to be + going to + (object) + adverb of future time

Examples:

  • I am going to buy a new car next week.
  • She is going to be a dentist.

Note:

  1. shall is used with the first person subject (, we), while will can be used with all kinds of subjects.
  2. Shallwil is used to express the future when we have no plan before. It means that we decide to do something at the time of speaking and it is not arranged before. Examples:
    • It’s so hot in this room. I will turn the air conditioner on.
    • We have run out of papers, haven’t we? I’1 go and buy some.
  3. 3) Will can also be used to predict about something. Examples:
    • It will rain tonight.
    • People won’t make a flying car before thgend century.
  4. To be going to is used to express something that has been arranged before. Examples:
    • Iam going to visit Bali next week.
    • Carla is going to see her doctor this evening.

b. Simple Past Tense

We use the simple past to talk about past events.

The Pattern

  1. (+) Subject + Verb2 + Object + Modifier
  2. (-) Subject + auxiliary verb (did) +not + Verbi + Object Modifier
  3. (?) Auxiliary verb (did) + Subject + Verbı+ Obiect+ Modifier?

Examples:

  • I went to the cinema last night.
  • She did not go to school yesterday.
  • Did you do your homework?

Note:

  1. We always use ‘did’ for all subjects (I did, you did, he did).
  2. When the verb is ‘to be’, we change the verb into ‘was’ and ‘were (I was, you were, he/sheit was, we were, they were). Examples:
    • She was in Jakarta
    • They were not in the class.
    • Was she right?
  3. We use simple past tense when:
    • The event is in the past.
    • The event is completely finished.
    • We say (or understand) the time and/or place of an event. Examples:
    • I lived in Surabaya when I was a child.
    • Ria didn’t like the show.
    • What did you eat for breakfast?
    • Arief went to Bunaken on Monday.
  4. Adverbs of past time
    • Yesterday
    • Two years ago
    • The day before yesterday
    • Last night
    • A few minutes ago
    • Last week
    • Two hours ago
    • Last month
    • Two days ago
    • Last year
    • Two months ago
    • Many years ago

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